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The Transcendental Meditation technique is based on the ancient Vedic tradition of enlightenment in India. This knowledge has been handed down by Vedic masters from generation to generation for thousands of years. This web site covers the life work of Mahesh Prasad Varma (later known as Maharishi Mahesh Yogi) and the Transcendental Meditation technique. Jai Guru Dev:)
The Origins of the Transcendental Meditation program.
In 1957 His Holiness Maharishi Mahesh Yogi began to offer to the world the quintessence of the ancient Vedic wisdom of the Himalayas - the Transcendental Meditation technique.
Today, Transcendental Meditation (TM) is a household name throughout the world, universally recognized as an effective means to remove stress and develop human potential, practiced by millions of people from all walks of life.
Although TM is presented as a modern process which stands up to the latest scientific verification, the technique has ancient roots and its effectiveness is the accumulation of thousands of years of careful transmission of knowledge.
Transcendental Meditation may not have always had the same name, but the basic technique has been taught for several thousand years, although, it's history is not a continuous one. Many teachers, no longer associated with the TM movement, now teach under the name "Vedic Meditation"
The knowledge has been lost many times throughout the history of mankind. As the technique passed from one person to another over several thousand years, (the Chinese whisper effect) the knowledge became slightly distorted and misunderstood so that very little of the original technique remained. Therefore the technique became less effective and no longer worked as well, losing popularity and eventually becoming lost to mankind.
Although the knowledge may have become lost to the world, the seeds of this knowledge lived on, and from time to time a great teacher revives and enlivens the technique. According to Maharishi, several revivals have occurred within man's written history. The first was about 5,000 years ago, when Lord Krishna, in the story recounted in the Bhagavad-Gita, gave the teaching to Arjuna, the greatest warrior of the age. However, within 2,000 years the teaching was lost.
It was next restored by Lord Buddha. "Lord Buddha's message was complete," says Maharishi, "because He incorporated the fields of Being, Thinking and Doing in His theme of revival. But because His followers failed to correlate these different fields of life in a systematic manner - realization of Being as the basis of good life became obscured."
The whole structure of Lord Buddha's teaching not only became distorted but also turned upside down. The effect was mistaken for the cause. Right action came to be regarded as a means to gain nirvana, whereas right action is in fact the result of this state of consciousness in freedom.
Another reason for the loss of knowledge is that whilst a teacher speaks from his level of consciousness, his followers can only receive his message on their level; so the gulf between the teaching and understanding grows wider over time.
Then about 2,500 years ago, an enlightened prodigy named Shankara revived this ancient wisdom in its purity. A great teacher and commentator on the Upanishads, Bhagavad-Gita and Brahma Sutras, Shankara not only revived the wisdom of integrated life and made it popular in his day, he also established four 'Maths', or seats of learning in the four geographical corners of India. Shankara's plan was to keep his teaching pure and to ensure that it would be propagated in its entirety for all generations to come. And for several centuries his teaching was kept widely available and maintained accurately, however, over time the teaching also became obscured and misunderstood.
In the early 1920's, officials approached Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, often referred to as Guru Dev (Divine Teacher) to fill the northern and principal seat of knowledge, Jyotir Math, which had been vacant for over 150 years, as no man was deemed capable or worthy of holding the position as a guide to the spiritual lives of the people of India.
Although Guru Dev spent most of his life in solitude and silence, he had become known as a great, enlightened saint and it was clear to the custodians of Shankara's tradition that Guru Dev was a fully realized man and one who could lead the people of India back to the original teachings.
It would take twenty years of their repeated requests before Guru Dev came out of seclusion in 1941 at the age of seventy-two, to accept the seat of Shankaracharya, of Jyotir Math in Badarinath in the Himalayas.
Political freedom dawned in India while Guru Dev held this position. He was worshiped by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first president of the Indian union, and the famous philosopher and India's second President Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, would refer to Guru Dev as "Vedanta Incarnate" or, the embodiment of truth.
To all who came to him for guidance he taught an ancient meditation technique originating in the vedas, the oldest Indian teachings. He made this teaching available to those leading active lives in the world and recluses alike. Thus establishing the basis for the present world-wide revival and teaching of the Transcendental Meditation program.
Maharishi speaks of the inspiration and the concern of Guru Dev, to enlighten all men everywhere, that resulted in the foundation of the world-wide Regeneration Movement in 1958, five years after his departure from us.
The Maharishi: Biography of the Man who gave Transcendental Meditation to the World
Paul Mason's ground-breaking biography of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi is now available once more, in a new and revised paperback edition
Science of Being and Art of Living. By Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the founder of TM, here unfolds his vision for bringing life to fulfillment through a simple, effortless technique that can be practiced by anyone.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi on the Bhagavad-Gita.
The first six chapters of the Bhagavad-Gita with original Sanskrit text, an introduction, and a commentary designed to restore the fundamental truths of the teachings delivered by the Lord Krishna to Arjuna on the battlefield.